Nigeria’s Minister of Transportation, Rt Hon. Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi has recorded the advantages of the Kano-Maradi rail line and the monetary significance of the Lekki, Bonny, and Warri seaports endorsed by President Muhammadu Buhari. He additionally featured the job the Port Harcourt-Maiduguri rail line would play in boosting the nation’s economy.
Amaechi talked during a long distance race of meetings on some TV stations celebrating Nigeria’s 60th Independence Anniversary.
He said the Kano-Maradi rail line will bear the cost of the nation the chance to contend in the territory of shipping cargoes, great and administrations to and from landlocked neighboring nations like Niger by means of the seaports in Lagos, including that it’s about financial aspects, not governmental issues.
“A week ago, we granted the agreement for Kano to Maradi and individuals were shouting for what reason are we taking it to Niger Republic. It’s critical to take it to Niger in view of financial reasons. Most seaside regions in Africa are contending in a way that is better than us as far as cargoes originating from not the hinterland, the landlocked nations. We chose to join the market and contend with the goal that we can make our seaports entirely practical. We chose to present the Kano-Maradi rail, so we can pass on their merchandise from Maradi (a limit town) to our ports easily. I don’t have the foggiest idea why individuals are shouting about it. It’s about financial matters, not governmental issues.
“We accept that before the year’s end, two railroad activities ought to start. Kano-Maradi and Ibadan to Kano. For Ibadan to Kano, we are hanging tight for endorsement of the advance in China. When the advance is affirmed in China, we’ll initiate. For Kano-Maradi, the credit is practically prepared. They are coming in one week from now for arrangement. When we finish up the exchange and concur, we’ll sign and seek after the development. The temporary worker is a Portugese organization (Mota-Engil). They have accompanied an European bank and a German bank to support the Kano-Maradi rail.
On the part Niger Republic is expected to play in the construction of the rail line, Amaechi said, “We are the ones building the rail to their village at the border to attract their cargoes. They are comfortable going to Togo, Benin Republic and Ghana or all those countries around there. So what we want to do is to attract them to a cheap and secure form of transportation, so you can’t therefore ask them to make a contribution. We are going to do the $1.98b at our own cost and at Maradi we stop, so that we can attract their cargoes and then get our seaports to be more competitive as compared to Lome, Benin and Ghana.
On the timing of the Kano-Maradi project, Amaechi explained that railway generates employment and can be a means of curbing insecurity in that region as the criminality and banditry may have been as a result of poverty for some people who go into it.
“You should know that railway generates employment and that as you move from Kano to Maradi you’re going to to go to Kano, Dutse, Kazaure, Daura, Katsina, Jibia before you get to Maradi, imagine the number of persons that you’ll create jobs for just at the beginning of the construction. At the end of construction, imagine the number of businesses that you can site along that area just because there is transportation. So when you talk about timing, poverty doesn’t have timing, unemployment is causing insecurity and banditry is a product of poverty, not just lack of education. So you have to find an alternative to those who participate in banditry. So what we are trying to create is a source of growing the economy of Nigeria and creating opportunities for those who want to do real business, so they’ll be able to move their manufactured goods and reduce the cost of production around that area. That’s what we are trying to do. So timing won’t be an issue.
For the Port Harcourt-Maiduguri rail line, Amaechi said cabinet approval is imminent and construction would begin before the end of the year or the first quarter of next year”.
“I believe that by next week Wednesday , If the Secretary to the Government of the Federation would add the Port Harcourt-Maiduguri to the agenda for the cabinet meeting on Wednesday, then I believe that the cabinet should be able to approve the contract from Port Harcourt to Maiduguri”.
The Port Harcourt to Maiduguri rail starts from Bonny, with a deep seaport approved by the President already but handled by a private firm, and then a rail line from Bonny to Port Harcourt – Aba- Umuahia – Enugu – Makurdi – Lafia – Jos – Kafanchan – Bauchi – Gombe – Damaturu and Maiduguri, with a spur from Port Harcourt to Owerri. So what is left on that line would be Abakaliki and Awka.
“Where we have about two seaports or river ports in Port Harcourt, you’ll be able to transport a lot of Iron Ore deposits from the North East through the Port Harcourt – Maiduguri rail. The completion of this project which we hope that if it doesn’t start this year, it will start first quarter of next year, the completion, will move cargo, create employment, create industrial development and it will grow the economy. The same is applicable for Lagos to Calabar. The Port Harcourt to Maiduguri rail has the capacity for hundreds of millions of cargoes, but for now the amount of cargoes that go between Port Harcourt and Maiduguri is about 11 million tons after the study that we did.
“We are still talking with the Ministry of Finance on the funding of Lagos to Calabar. This line starts from Lagos – Ore to Benin, there’s a spur in Benin that goes to Agbor – Asaba – Onitsha, then it continues from Benin – Warri – Yenegoa – Port Harcourt – Aba – Uyo to Calabar,” he said.
Amaechi also stated that the country is working towards four new seaports. They are: Lekki, Bonny, Warri and the Ibom deep seaport by the Akwa Ibom State government.
He said, “the first deep seaport in the country will be the Lekki deep seaport and it was under this government that we commenced construction. The next will be Bonny and the third one will be the one in Warri which the President has also approved. The Akwa Ibom state government is trying to do Ibom deep seaport. They are partnering with a foreign company. So if you come to the maritime sector, we’ll be having four new seaports. Apapa and Tincan seaports are River ports because they tee off from the ocean, same with Port Harcourt, Onne, Warri and Calabar. Their draft is about 11 to 12 metres. What we are looking at now is between 16 and 17 metres deep seaports and that’s what we’ll have in Lekki, Bonny and the new one we want to construct in Warri and I think that’s what we’ll have in the Ibom deep seaport which is now going through the process of approval. Once we get the approval, we’ll hand over to Akwa Ibom state to go ahead and construct with their partners. The Bonny seaport have already gone through all the processes what is left is cabinet approval which I hope my colleagues will approve it on Wednesday.
Giving further insight on the benefits the rail lines and how they’ll work and in glove with the seaports and road infrastructure to completely solve the country’s logistics problems, the minister said, “I think there’ll be no economic development if we don’t deal with logistics, that’s why you see people are rushing into Lagos because it’s close to the water. Just imagine what is happening in Apapa over movement of cargoes and goods, it’s because of the poor road network. So if we complete Lagos to Kano rail line, it has the capacity to move as many millions tons of cargo as possible. Currently Nigerians move about 30 million cargoes between Lagos and Kano in a year. The capacity of the Nigerian Railway Corporation as at today is about 200,000 cargoes per year. That’s appalling.
“So if you want to make the factors of production to be cheap and make our goods competitive, then you must provide logistics, either the road, by air or by railway. But the cheapest form of transport in this regard is the railway, because it’s subsidised by the government. So the idea of complying with the instruction by the president that all railways must terminate at the seaport is because you want to move your cargo. The moment you begin to move cargo, you’ll see the transformation. The movement of cargo will improve the industrial development of Nigeria,” he said.
Speaking generally on the development strides by the current administration, Amaechi said, “In infrastructure we are doing quite a lot. The problem with the country is that nobody wants to acknowledge that we are doing a lot. We completed the Abuja Kaduna rail started by President Goodluck Jonathan up to 80 percent. President Buhari commissioned it, we started full commercial operations and it is functioning efficiently. Most people who use it wonder whether we are in Nigeria or not.
“When we finished there, we started Lagos to Ibadan. We will start full commercial activities there in January. We’ve ran several times free of charge, but we’ll begin to collect fares from January. After that, is Itakpe-Warri. We’ve done 326 kilometres from Itakpe to Warri, 186 kilometres from Abuja to Kaduna and 157 kilometres from Lagos to Ibadan, so we are inching towards 700kms of rail. We believe that before we leave office, we should be able to achieve about 3000 kilometres of rail around Nigeria and that is huge. I’m sure you’re seeing what Fashola is doing in the area of roads. I’ve driven through Lagos-Ibadan, I drove on good roads, Port Harcourt-Enugu, Onitsha to Asaba road; and he’s working on Abuja to Kano”, Amaechi said.