A new investigation by BBC Africa Eye has uncovered an audacious global pyramid scam, run from Europe, that is using smartphones to cheat ordinary people across Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Crowd1 describes itself as “the fastest growing crowd marketing company in the world” and produces social media videos that show members buying new cars and enjoying luxury holidays.
Using nothing but a smartphone, Crowd1 claims you can become a millionaire by promoting and selling a series of exciting digital products to your network.
These claims have persuaded thousands – perhaps millions – of people across Africa to hand over the 99 Euros that buys an entry-level membership to Crowd1.
But a six-month investigation by BBC Africa Eye reveals that behind the slick marketing, Crowd1 is peddling a range of bogus products and false promises to cover an old-fashioned pyramid scheme based on recruitment.
The BBC has found that the recruitment of new members is heavily incentivised by Crowd1.
In its online webinars and events, members are encouraged to sign up their families, their Facebook friends, and the people they know from church.
Successful recruiters earn a commission for bringing in new members, and – as with a classic pyramid scheme – for any additional people brought into Crowd1 by those recruited.
The most important of Crowd1’s products – an “educational package” you have to get if you want to become a full member – is effectively worthless.
The scheme appears to have made a fortune for a handful of European scammers, many of them Swedish, but it has left behind a trail of debt and poverty in countries, including South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria.
The BBC documentary includes devastating testimony from a woman in South Africa who spent her entire life savings on Crowd1 in the belief that she was buying “shares” in a business that would pay out a “salary.”
“My heart is broken,” she told the BBC, “because I wasted all my money that I could have used to buy a house.
“Now I am living in a shack, with no money.
“I don’t have an income or a business.
“I’m just in disbelief and I am ashamed.”
Africa Eye also spoke to Samtos, a young man in Lagos, Nigeria, who said that when the COVID-19 lockdown hit Nigeria, he was concerned about how to earn an income and was “sweet-talked” into joining Crowd1 by a friend.
Samtos told the BBC that the scammers are in Europe “enjoying everything they are gathering from poor people”.
Crowd1 told the BBC that it is not a scam or a pyramid scheme and does not break any South African law.
They said it is a legitimate network-marketing company that offers products to its members and enables them to earn money by marketing those products.
Crowd1 does not make money from recruitment, they insist, but only from these sales.
Crowd1 stressed that all its products are genuine.
BBC Africa Eye’s documentary: “Unmasking the Pyramid Kings,” can be seen in full on YouTube.
Launched in April 2018, BBC Africa Eye is a bi-weekly TV and online investigations series broadcast in English, French, Hausa and Swahili.
Using pioneering techniques and a large network of on-the-ground reporters, BBC Africa Eye has uncovered hidden local stories across Africa and held power to account.
The unique investigations tackle topics that are of interest and concern to young and underserved audiences and aim to strengthen and encourage investigative journalism across the region.
BBC Africa Eye is available via Partners in English:
. eSwatini on eSwatini TV – Wednesdays at 15:00 GMT
. Ghana on TV3 Network – Tuesdays at 21:00 GMT
. Kenya on KTN News – Mondays, 19:05pm GMT
. Liberia on LNTV- Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 18:00 GMT
. Malawi on Times Television – Saturdays at 20:00 GMT
. Nigeria on NTA – Mondays 22:00 GMT (with repeats on NTA News 24)
. Nigeria on ABS Anambra – Mondays at 19:00pm GMT
. Nigeria on Liberty TV – Sundays 16:00pm GMT,
. Nigeria on TVC – Mondays at 17:00 GMT, TVC News – Sundays at 22:00 GMT
. Namibia on One Africa TV – Sundays 18:00 GMT
. Sierra Leone on SLBC – Mondays 16:00pm GMT
. Sierra Leone on AYV Media Empire (C33) -Friday 22:00 GMT
. South Africa, Soweto TV – Mondays 19:00 GMT
. Uganda on NBS TV – Mondays 19:00pm GMT
. United States on The Africa Channel – Fridays at 04:00 GMT, Mondays at 04:00 GMT, Sundays at 04:00 GMT, Thursdays at 16:00 GMT, Thursdays at 19:00 GMT, Fridays at 23:00 GMT, Mondays at 23:00 GMT, Sundays at 23:00 GMT
. Zambia on QTV Zambia – Tuesdays 18:00 GMT
Via Partners in Swahili
. Kenya on KTN News – Mondays 16:30 GMT
. Tanzania on Clouds TV – Mondays 17:00 GMT
Via Partners in French
. Guinea on RTG – Saturdays 17:20 GMT
. Gabon on RTN – Fridays 2000pm GMT, Mondays 19:30 GMT
. Niger on ANFANI TV – Mondays 13:30 GMT
Via Partners in Hausa
. BRTV -Tuesdays 1600 GMT
. Farin Wata – Wednesdays 19:00 GMT
. Liberty TV – Wednesdays 1300 GMT
. TV Gotel – Saturdays at 1600 GMT.